Compound fertilizer equipment, processing and manufacturing technology of biological organic fertilizer
Dynamic processing manufacturing biological organic fertilizer technology is mainly used large and medium-sized enterprises processing of livestock and poultry dung cultivation.It USES advanced technology and equipment to rapid processing of chicken manure, rapid heating, fast fermentation rotten, create efficient biological organic fertilizer.
(1) the sitingDynamic processing and manufacturing of biological organic fertilizer, the site should be built in the transportation is convenient, away from the site of the large industrial and mining enterprises pollution, good drainage.Siting beside the road, with convenient chicken manure, accessories, products such as bulk materials transportation.Want to have a clean and hygienic water supplies.Ensure that there is sufficient power supply.
(2) the selection of mixer and the construction of the fermentation tank:Agitator selection and construction of the fermentation tank number should be determined according to the annual capacity of chicken manure.In dealing with chicken manure quantity in more than two thousand tons, can choose HJ type 2 meters wide mixer, HJ type mixer is stirring to walk along a straight line.According to the site to build a 2 meters wide, fermentation tank, no less than 30 meters in length field requirements for at least 40 meters long, 4 meters wide, 30 meters length is not enough, if the width is greater than 6 meters can be side by side to build two fermentation tank.For processing two thousand tons the following amount of chicken manure, can choose type SJ blender 1.5 meters wide.SJ type mixer is working in a fermentation tank after the completion of the translation to work under a fermentation tank.Fermentation tank is built by several 1.5 meters wide groove side by side.Fermentation tank of the accumulative total length of not less than 50 meters, but the length of each of the fermentation tank.
(3) build storage cesspoolBeside the fermentation tank build latrine, storage ChuFenKou to facilitate the manure into the fermentation tank.Year productivity two thousand tons of fertilizer, for example, a cesspool storage building specifications for the length of 2 meters, 20 meters high, about 6 meters width.All sealed and only save a than luck on chicken manure vehicles to turn over manure mouth hang bottle around 40 cm wide.
(4) the delivery of chicken manureSort out or aquaculture farms large chicken manure, to transportation, pour into a cesspool storage store in a timely manner.
(5) the selection of materialsOptional abundant local crop straw powder, straw powder, peanut shell powder, wheat bran, sawdust and other accessories.
(6) stepsDynamic processing and manufacturing of biological organic fertilizer the fermentation process is carried out within the fermentation tank, the following introduce use HJ type mixer, 45 meters long fermentation tank in the production of organic fertilizer manufacturing process.
From storage cesspool ChuFenKou is 0 to 5 meters for feeding mixing zone, 5-30 m segment as a fermentation area, 30 to 40 meters long for secondary fermentation, 40-45 meters long for discharge area.Using HJ type mixer to make biological organic fertilizer, stir in the feeding zone into a layer of chicken manure, deployment of good strains of mixture on the chicken manure, bacterial mixture) for chicken manure is 0.5% 0.8%, the rate of per ton strains of chicken manure to join mixture of 5 to 8 kg.Add a layer of chicken manure, pour a layer of material.How much adjustment for the amount of material available way to control the water content is about 60%.Strains and chicken manure mixture together become pitchforks.Start the mixer to stir in feeding mixing zone.HJ type mixer in the process of stirring speed is in commonly 0.8 1 m/min, mixing blade rotation speed is 365 RPM, mixer to yeast while stirring mixer thrown back, make the space of feeding in the fermentation tank area, in order to continue feeding, continuous production of biological organic fertilizer.Start mixer yeast stirring inside the tank once a day.Fermentation tank all yeast gradually move back, every day after 5 meters of it into 5-30 meters fermentation, fermentation for the first time.1 to 2 days before, the temperature will rise to more than 50 ℃, 7 to 10 days later, it dropped below 50 ℃ temperature.After 10 days, yeast was stirring mobile to 30 meters, 40 meters of secondary fermentation, at this time again want to join the bacterial mixture, on the second fermentation, join strains for two over one thousand of the yeast mixture.Is the mixture of strains of chicken manure to join 2 kg per ton.The moisture of yeast to control at about 50%, fermentation 2 days.If the second fermentation in yeast added different content of urea, calcium superphosphate, potassium sulfate and other inorganic fertilizer, can produce different levels of organic - inorganic compound fertilizer.Such as adding different content of amino acid can produce a variety of amino acids, biological fertilizer.After 14 days or so, the yeast has made the biological organic fertilizer, and moved to 40 meters after the discharge zone.At this time, the biological organic fertilizer can be out of the groove.Out of the groove of biological organic fertilizer can't direct packaging, also to the drying platforms, then after about 10 to 20 days after cooked.Natural stacked in the beginning, the temperature will rise to about 50 ℃, when the drop in core temperature below 40 ℃, the color of the biological organic fertilizer into dark brown or yellow-brown, compost internal adhered on the surface of the organic fertilizer has a lot of white mycelium, with a slight ammonia odor, dynamic processing technology made of biological organic fertilizer to rotten.Just rotten good biological organic fertilizer, moisture content is in commonly 40% - 50%, can be directly used in fields as basic fertilizer or fertilizer.If you want to continue to turn it into a powder biological organic fertilizer, biological organic fertilizer can be opened, continue to air basks in 1-2 days, the water to around 30%;If you want to production of granular fertilizer, continue to air basks in 2-3 days, will water down to around 25%.Want to will continue to processing, biological organic fertilizer will eliminate some impurities.Can choose sieve sieve.Powder production of biological organic fertilizer can choose 6-8 mm mesh sieve, weighing packaging is ok.Need granulation of organic fertilizer on the heap after sieving sampling method using five, from five different parts, each take 200 grams, the total amount is about one kilogram of sample inspection, product standard, Fertilizer granulation equipment can enter the next process.