Biological organic fertilizer equipment manufacturing process
One, the production of microbial fermentation strains base mixtureProduction of organic fertilizer, biological fermentation in base as a species, we used here is HM fermentation.To HM fermentation in the base of azotobacter, releasing from bacteria, phosphate-solubilizing bacteria, yeast and actinomyces, huge bacillus, bacillus subtilis, etc more than ten kinds of beneficial microbial strains, more uniform contact with chicken manure, generally will be a bag of 100 grams of HM fermentation based on average is divided into five equal parts, each 20 g, in every HM fermentation base, 1-1.6 kg of wheat bran to join or soybean meal and other accessories, fully mixing, we call it the bacterial mixture.So that each species mixture can be about 200 kg chicken manure fermentation.
Second, the two kinds of methods:Manufacture of poultry and animal feces biological organic fertilizer, two methods can be divided into static and dynamic machining.
(1), chicken manure and accessoriesChoose a flat on the ground, there is no water, 30 square metre of space to separate chicken manure and auxiliary materials piled up.In order to facilitate bacterial mixture can be mixed evenly and chicken manure, we will be 1000 kilogram of chicken manure, average also divided into five equal parts.About 200 kg each equal parts.General with granular or powder of wheat bran, peanut shell powder as main material, such as using corn stalk, cotton straw do accessories, then they are first cut into 5 -- 10 cm in length, for too long can make mixing is not convenient.Add complementary makings is the purpose of regulating the manure water content and carbon and nitrogen ratio, increase the permeability of yeast.
(2), build platform fermentationChicken manure and auxiliary materials ready, according to the environment and the actual situation of farmers built platform fermentation.Platform built fermentation to choose xiangyang, flat, higher ground, to avoid tuyere, convenient for operation.Dig several parallel ventilation ditch, ditch 30 cm wide and 30 cm deep, beam 20 centimeters wide.Branches, bamboo, straw, such as horizontal spread on the beam, the bottom of the form a breathable fermentation platform, oxygen to facilitate ventilation.Because HM fermentation base of beneficial biological flora belongs to the aerobic bacterial species, only under the condition of sufficient oxygen to yeast better rotten.Fermentation platform built, we can proceed the static processing of biological organic fertilizer manufacturing.
(3), the operation stepsTake a bacterial mixture evenly on the prepared chicken manure, stir to mix well.Tuned to the manure in the process of mixing water content to around 60%, which caught a chicken manure in your hand, hold together and fingers visible but not dripping water.Loosen your hands, gently touch is scattered, the moisture content is ok.If the moisture content is too high, will sprinkle in chicken manure into wheat bran, corn straw and other auxiliary materials to reduce the water content of chicken manure;Such as the moisture content is too low, should add fresh chicken manure or sprinkle some water.Will the manure pile up in the fermentation mixture platform.In the same way dealing with four other heap of chicken manure, all together.At this time about 1-1.2 m height, length and width are 1.5 2 meters across, the volume of compost is in commonly 1.5 cubic meters.